Glossary of digital security terms

Published: 9th February 2023

Here is a glossary of digital security terms:

Antivirus software: A software program that helps protect a computer from viruses, spyware, and other malicious software.

Backup: A copy of data or information that is saved to a secondary location in case the original is lost or damaged.

Encryption: The process of encoding information to protect it from unauthorized access.

Firewall: A security system that helps prevent unauthorized access to a computer or network by blocking unwanted traffic.

Hackers: People who use their technical skills to gain unauthorized access to computer systems and networks.

Malware: Malicious software that is designed to harm or take control of a computer system.

Phishing: A type of fraud that uses email or other forms of communication to trick people into revealing sensitive information such as passwords or credit card numbers.

Two-factor authentication: A security process that requires two methods of authentication in order to access an account. This could be a password and a security code sent to a mobile phone, for example.

Virtual Private Network (VPN): A secure network connection that is established over the internet. VPNs are used to protect sensitive information from being intercepted while it is being transmitted over the internet.

Virus: A type of malware that is designed to replicate itself and spread from computer to computer.

By understanding these terms, you can take steps to protect your digital assets and stay safe online.

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